Patient Specific Anatomical Models

3D Systems has been instrumental in establishing this industry segment, which focuses on taking medical images from the computer screen to the 3D world. Different additive manufacturing processes and materials are used to produce physical anatomical models used in surgeries such as reconstruction of the cranium and the hip.

Applications for Anatomical Models

  • Craniofacial Reconstruction:
    • Cases for reconstruction of congenital disease in pediatric patients have been a good indication for the use of models. Procedures such as cranial vault remodeling, resection/reconstruction of fibrous dysplasia and mid-face advancement all benefit from the use of a model preoperatively for surgical time savings and enhancement of outcomes.
  • Cranio-Maxillofacial Distraction Osteogenesis:
    • Use of a model in planning distraction osteogenesis procedures has proven to help answer questions relating to the type of distraction device used, the size of the device and intraoral versus external device type. Additionally, the model can save operating time by allowing precise pre-bending before surgery, taking into account the vectors of distraction and vital structures such as teeth buds and the inferior alveolar nerve.
  • Mandibular/Maxillofacial Reconstruction:
    • Cases of reconstruction following trauma or congenital disease can be planned using models. Issues such as symmetry, projection and volume can be better visualized using a model. Implants and reconstruction plates can be pre-bent before surgery, allowing for a better contour and shorter surgical time.
  • TMJ Reconstruction:
    • Three-dimensional analysis of the temporomandibular joint using anatomical modeling has proven an invaluable aid for surgeons treating TMJ. For cases of severe joint degeneration, stereolithography models can be used for creation of custom total joint replacement components.
  • Spinal Fracture and Degenerative Disease:
    • Assessment of the facet joints can be visualized and intervertebral measurements can be accurately accomplished using the model preoperatively. Surgical techniques and determination of osteotomy placement can be visualized and planned using models.
  • Patient-Specific Complex Cardiac and Vascular Anatomy:
    • Models are suitable for use as pre-surgical planning tools, educational resources and benchtop fixtures for testing of instruments and implants.

ClearView Anatomical Models®


OsteoView Anatomical Models®


ClearView-Anatomical-Models OsteoView-Anatomical-Model



ArthroView Anatomical Models®


AccuDental® Validation Models

ArthroView-Anatomical-Models AccuDental-Anatomomical-Models


3D Systems Healthcare 5381 South Alkire Circle, Littleton, Colorado 80127 USA | Toll Free (U.S./Canada): 1.844.643.1001 | Phone: +1.720.643.1001 | Fax: +1.720.643.1009